The authors should submitt their articles via website
(http://ees.elsevier.com/bjid). All papers must be submitted in English. Instructions for submission can be found on www.bjid.org.br/instructions.
Manuscripts may be submitted within designated categories of communication, including:
- Original basic or clinical investigation (original papers);
- Brief reports of new methods or observations (brief communications);
- State-of-the-art presentations or reviews (review or mini review papers);
- Case presentation and discussion (case reports);
- Clinical infectious diseases images;
- Letters to the editor concerning previous publications;
- Editor's corner, containing ideas, hypotheses and comments (Editorial).
It is the most important section of the Journal. Original articles present new data about researches, issues and matters in the field of infectious diseases. These articles should conform strictly to the rules of publication, containing the following sections: abstract, objective or hypothesis, experimental design and methods used (statistical data), essential features of any interventions, main outcome measures, main results of the study, discussion and conclusion. An Original Paper should contain:
- An abstract of no more than 300 words;
- No more than 7 keywords;
- The text should be divided into separate sections (Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, References);
- No more than 50 references;
- Number of authors should not exceed 10;
- Authors should state in the cover letter that the manuscript is intended to be an original paper.
A brief communication is focused in a single subject, which should be concise and a new point of view presentation of the subject. The scope of this section is intended to be wide and methods, results and discussion should be in the same text. A brief communication should contain:
- An abstract of no more than 200 words;
- No more than 4 keywords;
- Text should not exceed 12 double-spaced typed pages of 23 lines each;
- A maximum of 2 figures or tables (or one of each);
- No more than 20 references;
- The text should not be divided into separate sections;
- Authors should state in the cover letter that the manuscript is intended to be a brief communication;
- Number of authors should not exceed 5.
This section is for an updated presentation on a specific topic. This section should contain critical analysis and a new point of view of a relevant area and not a chronological description of the literature. This section aims to raise discussion among readers about controversial issues and the development of concepts in Infectious Diseases. A review article has to bring the new point of view of the focus of the subject. A minireview is focused on a restricted part of a subject. A minireview and review article should contain:
- An abstract of no more than 300 words;
- No more than 7 keywords;
- No more than 80 references;
- The text may be divided into sections with appropriate titles and subtitles;
- Number of authors should not exceed 5;
- Authors should state in the cover letter that the manuscript is intended to be a review or mini review article.
Reports of clinical cases must contain a brief introduction about the nature of the case diagnosis, whose focus is the importance of the subject. The case has to be described with data and reports of examinations, treatment and prognosis of the case, discussion about the importance of the findings and presentation of the case in relation to literature. A case report should have a special interest to the clinical research community or it has to be a rare case; or to present a new diagnostic method; or new or modified treatment. A case report article should contain:
- An abstract of no more than 150 words;
- No more than 4 keywords;
- No more than 20 references;
- The text may be divided into sections: brief introduction with a review of literature, case reports, and conclusion;
- Number of authors should not exceed 5;
- Authors should state in the cover letter that the manuscript is intended to be a case report article.
Clinical infectious diseases images
For submission to Clinical Infectious Diseases Images, which is not intended as a vehicle for case reports, all text should contain:
- A minimum of references (no more than 4);
- No abstract;
- The text should be uniform and contain no more than 300 words;
- Number of authors should not exceed 5.
Letters to the editor
Letters may be written in response to previous content published in The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases (BJID) or on any topic of general interest or concern. In the first case, the letter must emphasize the main message of the author of the article, focusing the contribution of that scientific article in the medical practice, drawing attention to the reference and impact it had on the community. The Letter to the Editor should contain:
- Title and the text with no more than 23 line pages;
- No more than 5 references;
- Number of authors should not exceed 5.
For all manuscripts, authors must indicate in a cover letter:
- Title of article;
- Name(s) of all author(s);
- Address, telephone number, fax, and e-mail of the corresponding author;
- A statement signed by the corresponding author confirming that the manuscript content represents the views of the coauthors, that neither the corresponding author nor the coauthors have submitted duplicate or overlapping manuscripts elsewhere, and that the items indicated as personal communications in the text are supported by the referenced person;
- The registration number of all randomized controlled trials and clinical trials, in accordance with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors;
- In the same case, the corresponding author has to send a statement indicating that written informed consent was obtained from all participants;
- All original articles should indicate the number of the Ethics Committee approval. If the article does not require an approval from the Ethics Committee, the author should write it separately in the article;
- Animal experimentation should be carried out according to institutional guidelines for experimental use of animals;
- The authors should obtain written permission to reproduce figures and tables from other sources;
- If the study was supported by any institution, it has to be indicated in the cover letter.
The cover letter should be in one double-spaced electronic document, title (no more than eight words in the title); no more than five (or ten, when an original article) authors may be listed, including name, institution, address, email address, telephone and fax number of each author; the text should contain no more than 300 words.
Supplements to the BJID include articles under a unifying theme, such as those summarizing presentations of symposia or focusing on a specific pathogenic process or antimicrobial agent. These will be added to the regular bimonthly publication as appropriate, and will be peer reviewed in the same manner as submitted manuscripts.
For each manuscript a registration number will be assigned and the author will be notified that the manuscript is complete and adequate to start the review process.
Format of articles and letters
Contributions should be double-spaced and written in English. All manuscripts are to be typed double-spaced, including text, tables, references and legends; the character should be Time New Roman for all text, including figures, graphics and tables, and the tool "insert > symbol" for Greek character; size 12 should be used in all manuscript. The manuscripts have to be saved in Word document and the figures should be saved in CorelDraw, JPG or TIF document with high resolution - minimum of 300 dpi.
Use of digital resources
Manuscript, Title Page, Cover Letter, and Author Agreement files in DOC format (Winword); bars or lines figures in XLS (Excell standard); photos and figures, with minimum resolution of 300 dpi, in JPG format. Please do not attach titles and letterings to illustrations. Please do not insert illustrations on text. Each illustration shall have an individual file. File name shall express illustration type and numbering (Figure 1, Table 2, for example). Illustration titles and letterings duly numbered shall be in separate text file. Copies or reproductions of other publications will be allowed only with the attachment of express authorization of the Editing company or the author of the original article.
Titles and subtitles
- Titles should be in bold;
- Subtitles should be in underscore;
- Titles should not have abbreviations or acronyms;
- Titles should not exceed two printed lines;
- Do not exceed 80 characters (inc. spaces).
- Complete name of the authors (do not abbreviate);
- Affiliations of all authors;
- Name, mailing addresses, phone and fax number, e-mail, state, city and country of the corresponding author;
- Acknowledgement of research grants and fellowships (agency and grant number).
- Consider the manuscript formats to verify the number of keywords;
- Use capital letter for the first word, the other should be in regular form.
- The abstract should briefly contain the objective, data, methods, results and discussion of the study or presentation to ensure the reader's understanding of the manuscript;
- Do not use abbreviations in abstract;
- Do not use references in abstract;
- Consider the manuscript formats to verify the number of words.
- In the text of Introduction the authors have to reveal the aim of the study, the purpose of the research, and the basic literature about the subject.
Material and methods
- This section should be subdivided by short underscore headings referring to methods used;
- This section cannot contain figures or tables;
- The material and methods used must be carefully described to allow the study repetition and to determine if the results were possible and correct;
- Papers with statistical testing should state the name of the test, the name for each analysis, the comparisons of interest, a justification of that test, the alpha level for all tests, whether the tests were over two-tailes, and the actual p-value for each test;
- Data sets should be summarized with descriptive statistics, which should include then for each data set, a clearly labeled measure of centre (such as the mean or median), and a clearly labeled measure of variability (such as the standard deviation or range).
- The data of the results should be described concisely;
- Tables, graphics and figures have to be inserted in this section;
- The data presented in this section have to be oriented by universal units;
- Tables should be clear enough to the readers do not need the text to understand them;
- Tables should be presented on separate pages, portrait orientation, and upright on the page;
- Tables should present a short one-line title in bold;
- Tables have to be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the text;
- Symbols and abbreviations are defined immediately below the table;
- More information about the table should be below the symbols and abbreviations;
- If the table is from another source, the authors must indicate the source and send the permission to the Journal.
- Figure legend should be listed one after the other, as a part of the text document, separate from the figure files, with a short one-line title in bold.
- Figures should be submitted in CDR, TIF, JPG file (300 dpi);
- Figures should be clear enough that the readers do not need the text to understand them;
- Figures should be presented on separate pages, portrait orientation, and upright on the page;
- Figures have to be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the text;
- Symbols and abbreviations are defined immediately below the figure, as well as any other informations about the figures;
- If the figure is from another source, the authors must indicate the source and send the permission to the Journal.
- The discussion presents the results comparing and evaluating them to literature and the existing knowledge. References to other studies should appear in the Discussion to compare the data obtained in the methods and results of the paper.
- Authors can thank anyone who helped them do the work or study.
- The authors must indicate in the cover letter if the study was supported by institutions.
Abbreviations and symbols
- All abbreviations have to be explained in the text, figure and table legends when they first appear;
- Include the abbreviation in parenthesis after they first appeareance.
- Abbreviate units [(5 mL, not 5 milliliters (mL)];
- Do not abbreviate institutions;
- Abbreviations must follow the format of the National Library of Medicine (USA) as in Index Medicus.
- They should go in the final part of the article, according to the quotation order in the text, in which should appear the Arabic numerals superscripted. Please quote all the authors in works with until six authors; after six authors, quote the first three followed by the expression et al. Reference Manager or Endnote programs are strongly recommended for use adopting the "Vancouver" style.
Examples for reference citation are presented below. Authors should consult NLM's Citing Medicine for additional information on the reference formats.
Turner SW, Young S, Goldblatt J, Landau LI, Le Souëf PN. Child hood asthma and increased airway responsiveness a relationship that begins in infancy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009;179:98-104.
Chang ML, Yang CW, Chen JC, et al. Disproportional exaggerated arpartate transaminase is a useful prognostic parameter in late leptospirosis. World J Gastroenterol. 2005;11:5553-6.
Taylor DM, Personnet J. Epidemiology and natural history of Helicobacter pylori infection. In: Blaser MJ, Smith PD, Ravdin J eds. Infections of the gastrointestinal tract. New York: Raven Press, 1994.
Polak JM, Van Noordan S. An introduction to immunochemistry: current techniques and problems. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Blatt SP, Butzin CA, Lucey DR, Melcher GP, Hendrix CR. Anergy status and CD4 CD29 memory T-cells predict progression to AIDS (abstract PoB 3480). In: Program and abstracts: VIII International Conference on AIDS (Amsterdam). Amsterdam: CONGREX Holland, 1992.
SCOPE AND POLICY
The aim of BJID is to be relevant in the broadest sense to all aspects of Infectious Diseases and its fields. The manuscripts submitted to BJID should develop new concepts or experimental approaches; they have to describe new principles or improvement of an existing method and their results; they have to bring new data about a subject which will be important to physichians; so they could not be a single presentation of known data.
- All the listed authors have to agree on all contents (authors must approve the article galley proof) and they are responsible for all informations included in the text.
- The corresponding author is responsible for all communications between the Journal and all coauthors, before and after publication.
- The corresponding author has to make a statement confirming that the content of the manuscript represents the views of the coauthors, that neither the corresponding author nor the coauthors have submitted duplicate or overlapping manuscripts elsewhere, and that the items indicated as personal communications in the text are supported by the referenced person.
- Any changes to the author list after submission, such as a change in the order of the authors, or the deletion or addition of authors, need to be approved by every author.
- The editors of BJID may seek advice about submitted papers not only from technical reviewers but also on any aspect of a paper that raises concerns. These may include, for example, ethical issues or issues of data or materials access.
- The authors warrant that the manuscript is original and contains no matter which is defamatory or is otherwise unlawful or which invades individual privacy or infringes any proprietary right or any statutory copyright.
All manuscripts submitted to BJID must be original and not published or submitted for publication elsewhere.
Plagiarism and fabrication
If a case of plagiarism occurs in BJID, a determination of misconduct will lead the BJID to exclude the article from the submission process or, if the article was already published, to exclude from the publication, and the authors will be accountable for the plagiarism.
The Journal editors treat the submitted manuscript and all communication with the authors as confidential between themselves and the peer-reviewers. Similarly, authors must treat communication with the Journal as confidential.
There is no charge to publish in The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases (BJID).
Copyright 2012 by the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases and Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved. Except as authorized in the accompanying statement, no part of the BJID may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval systems, without the publisher's written permission. Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use by specific clients is granted by the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases and Elsevier Editora Ltda. for libraries and other users. This authorization does not extend to other kinds of copying such as copying for general distribution, for advertising or promotional purposes, for creating new collective works, or for resale.
The authors grant and assign the entire copyright to the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases and Elsevier Editora Ltda. for its exclusive use. The copyright consists of any and all rights of whatever kind or nature protected by the copyright laws of Brazil and of all foreign countries, in all languages and forms of communication, and the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases and Elsevier Editora Ltda. shall be the sole proprietors thereof. The author(s) agree(s) to indemnify and hold the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases and Elsevier Editora Ltda. harmless against any claim to the contrary.
BJID is a peer-review Journal, so all papers (except Letters to the Editor) are evaluated by this system. If the paper follows the scope of the Journal, it will be sent to two or three independent reviewers, selected by the editors (two from the editorial board and one any other expertise).
Authors may suggest appropriate consultants for review of the manuscript, but these suggestions may not be followed.
The review process will ordinarily require two months.
Peer review policy
The reviewers will be invited by the editor of BJID to do the comments about an article, in accordance with the specialty of each referee. Questions about a specific manuscript should be directed to the editor who is handling the manuscript.
Online manuscript review
We ask peer-reviewers to submit their reports via our secure online system. The reviewer will receive a username and a login that provide him/her to download the article and in a specific form write their comments.
The review process
All submitted manuscripts are read by the editorial staff. To save time for authors and peer-reviewers, only those papers that seem most likely to meet our editorial criteria are sent for formal review. Those papers judged by the editors to be of insufficient general interest or otherwise inappropriate are rejected promptly without external review (although these decisions may be based on informal advice from specialists in the field).
Manuscripts judged to be of potential interest to our readership are sent for formal review, typically to two or three reviewers, but sometimes more if special advice is needed (for example on statistics or a particular technique). The editors then make a decision based on the reviewers' advice, from among several possibilities:
- Accept, with minor corrections;
- Invite the authors to revise their manuscript to address specific concerns before a final decision is reached;
- Reject, but indicate to the authors that further work might justify a resubmission;
- Reject outright, typically on grounds of specialist interest, lack of novelty, insufficient conceptual advance or major technical and/or interpretational problems.
LEGAL AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS
According to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors - February 2006).
Conflict of interest
Public trust in the peer review process and the credibility of published articles depend in part on how well conflict of interest is handled during writing, peer review, and editorial decision making. Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). These relationships vary from those with negligible potential to those with great potential to influence judgment, and not all relationships represent true conflict of interest. The potential for conflict of interest can exist whether or not an individual believes that the relationship affects his or her scientific judgment. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable confl icts of interest and the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and of science itself. However, confl icts can occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, academic competition, and intellectual passion.
Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should identify individuals who provide writing assistance and disclose the funding source for this assistance. Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential.
Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve, however, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note. When informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the published article.
When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
Clinical trials registry
Clinical trials must be registered according to WHO recommendation at www.who.int/ictrp/en/. The definition of clinical trial include preliminary trials (phase I): any study with prospective recruiting of subjects to undergo any health-related intervention (drugs, surgical procedures, equipment, behavioral therapies, food regimen, changes in health care) to evaluate the effects on clinical outcomes (any biomedical or health-related parameter, including pharmacokinetics measurements and adverse reactions).
The Journal has the right not to publish trials not complying with these and other legal and ethical standards determined by international guidelines.